As a continuation of our meeting with Ingarden’s Little Book about Human, we can move from nature itself to human nature. Defining it is not a simple task, as human beings are often unpredictable and overcome the frames of other’s expectations. One’s acts can be heroic, but sometimes also terrible. It is connected to a great variety of human characters and motivations. Ingarden emphasises: All efforts to embrace the fullness of the essence of human with a satisfactory and objective…
I would like to return to Roman Ingarden’s reflections on nature as a continuation of the previous post motif. Human Being in the Face of Nature According to Ingarden, a human being has ambivalent feelings towards nature. On one side, a human can feel alienated in contact with it and deprived of its help. For this reason, one lost its trust in fate. It has put a human in opposition to nature. One does not care about the environment and…
Roman Ingarden’s reflection on human relation to nature. Philosopher describes nature as beauty in a variety of nature, danger of the elements of nature, and source of illness.
Authentism is a concept related to naturalness, sincerity, and directness, but it is not identical with any of them. Authentism is not simply a spontaneous expression of one’s own nature. It is based on inhibition, i.e. the tendency to stop and withdraw into your own interior, which creates a space of reflection. Authentism carries an element of empathy. Its foundation is intentional sincerity, not impulsive, as in the case of naturalness.
Values are an important element of human life. Values have a crucial meaning in Dąbrowski’s theory. So, they give meaning to human life and carry the potential of self-therapy. They are related to the development of personality.
A developing person asks existential questions while facing life difficulties. Philosophy gives a sense of human life and is referred to as the philosophy of life.
The subject and the object of philosophy is the man of flesh and bone. What is philosophy? Philosophy is an anthropocentric description of the order of the world. In Unamuno’s opinion, philosophy is closer to poetry than to science. It is based on experiences and feelings. These contents can be expressed directly or symbolically by aesthetic codes of art. They allow overcoming the restrictions imposed on man. The philosophy in this meaning leads to the structuring of reality.
A man according to Unamuno is someone specific because of the principle of unity and continuity. The first – unity – refers to man in relation to space, the second- continuity – in relation to time. Unity is a realization one’s corporality and thanks to one’s actions. Continuity provides one with an awareness of one’s own experiences and history. Continuity is based on one’s memory, which not only defines one but also influences one’s future.
A man of flesh and bone is the subject of Unamuno’s philosophy. It is one who experiences everyday life on many levels of existence. One is embedded in the realities of this world.